A tooth fracture can occur in both the front and back teeth, but the causes differ for each region. The front teeth most often become fractured due to sports trauma or some other external event, and may show signs of mobility due to underlying bone or tissue damage or exhibit damage to the vital tissue known as the pulp.
Posterior teeth often crack or fraction off due to active termination or improperly placed restorations. Although these fractures may not present as urgent an aesthetic problem as those bound to the front teeth, serious damage to both the tooth and supporting structures and tissue can occur without prompt treatment. This article looks at the various type of tooth cracks and how treatment is approached for each.
Superficial Cracks in the Front Teeth
Cracks that occur on the front teeth can be privileged or implicate deeper layers of the tooth. They can occur due to external trauma or natural causes. Tooth structure on either side of the crack is still structurally secure but its integrity can disintegrate with time, evolving into a complete fraction (the sides can break off with little force).
"Craze" lines are an example of a naturally-occurring crack that is restricted to the outer enamel layer. Tooth enamel protects the interior layers of the teeth, but can be successfully restored with composite bonding or refinishing of the enamel surface. The same can be said for traumatic injuries to just the enamel.
During composite bonding, the dentist simply etches the tooth and applications a white filling-like material to the crack.
Deeper Cracks in the Front Teeth
Deeper cracks can introduce complications to treatment. If the crack extends into the second layer, known as the dentin, it can still be successfully repaired with composite bonding or an indirect restoration (veneers). The goal of treatment is to achieve aesthetic correction but to also keep the crack from propagating deeper into the tooth structure.
Cracks that have extended into or near the pulp present a cause for concern. The pulp constituents of vital tissues that facilitate the growth and regenerative processes of the tooth. A crack that exposes the pulp to the oral environment can introduce bacteria into the pulp chamber, where it can cause infection and consequent death of the tooth. Depending on the age of the patient and the amount of damage already done to the pulp, two main options exist.
The pulp or dentin immediately surrounding the pulp can be medicated after active decay is removed to stimulate new dentin growth. The tooth can then be restored with composite bonding or through other restoration methods and re-examined in several months to confirm pulpal health. This approach is ideal for immature teeth with developing roots. In instances where the pulp and / or supporting tooth structures have become infected, a root canal is recommended.
A root fraction threatens the structural integrity of the tooth and can affect both the dentin and pulp. Teeth that have received prior endodontic treatment are typically at higher risk for root fraction. Treatment may initially include stabilization of the tooth and observation of crack progress and pulpal health. If complications develop root canal therapy, partial root removal, or tooth extraction may be recommended.
The upper and lower third molars are also called your wisdom teeth. These teeth are located at the very back of your mouth. They are usually the last teeth to surface in the mouth. They usually appear between the ages of 17 and 24 years old.
Some people have their wisdom teeth for their entire life. However, most people today opt to have their wisdom teeth removed. Some people have their wisdom teeth taken out even before they break through the gums.
People who live with their wisdom teeth for their lifetime usually do not experience any complications. But for some people, their wisdom teeth never erupt. And this can lead to swelling, gum ulcers and pain. Once the wisdom tooth becomes impacted and it starts pressing up against another tooth, it can damage the tooth beside it or the jawbone. These two are the main reasons why people usually have to undergo oral surgery to have a wisdom tooth removed.
Having a wisdom tooth removed is not as easy or simple as undergoing a regular tooth extraction. It requires a surgery since the dentist will open up the gum tissue over the tooth and take out any bone that is covering the tooth. The dentist will then separate the tissue that connects the tooth to the bone. Then the dentist will remove the tooth. The tooth is usually cut into smaller pieces to make it easier to remove. Once the tooth is removed, you may need stitches. Depending on your dentist, these stitches can dissolve over time or you will have to go back to the clinic to have them removed.
If you will be having your wisdom tooth removed sometime soon, below are some tips you should follow to properly prepare for this procedure:
Inform your dentist all the medicines and natural health products you take. Some of the medicines and supplements you drink daily can increase the risk of bleeding or interact with anesthesia. If you take blood-thinners, such as warfarin, clopidogrel, or aspirin, your doctor and dentist may ask that you stop taking these for a few weeks before and after the procedure.
Schedule the procedure at the right time. Schedule your appointment on a Thursday or Friday so that you can have the weekend off to rest and recuperate.
Stock up on soft food such as gelatin, yogurt, pudding, and cottage cheese. You will be prescribed a soft diet for several days after the surgery so stock up on these food items. You can also eat some soup, but only if it is served warm, not hot. Avoid foods that are crunchy and require a lot of chewing.
Finally, make sure you bring a companion when you go to the dental clinic. Make sure you have someone to drive you home since the anesthesia and pain medicine administered or given to you will make it unsafe for you to drive.[Top]
Tooth whitening forms an important part of cosmetic dentistry. This process is also referred as bleaching, allowing individuals to have a brighter smile. This process helps in the removal of stains and discoloration.
There are mainly two types of tooth whitening methods available, in-office and in-home tooth whitening systems. In order to achieve the best and safest results, it is recommended to perform this process under the supervision of a qualified dentist.
In-office tooth whitening systems utilize a combination of bleaching gel and laser light. The process involves the application of the bleaching gel onto the patient's teeth while taking special precautions to avoid the gums and lips. Then a laser light is employed in order to achieve optimum results in a single sitting.
In-home tooth whitening systems require the use of dental trays and bleaching gel. The solution used for in-home bleaching is less powerful than the gel used during in-office whitening. The home application of bleach requires four to five sittings, depending on the desired tooth shade. If you opt for in-home whitening, your dentist may provide you with customized trays for your teeth in order to effectively complete the bleaching process.
Typically this process is performed successfully without any side effects. However, if your teeth are sensitive to chemicals, you may experience gum sensitivity for a day or two due to the bleaching agent used. Use of customized trays during in-home bleaching will minimize sensitivity and prevent accidental leakage of the bleaching agent.[Top]
The tooth bonding procedure utilizes a composite resin and is used for a variety of structural as well as cosmetic purposes. One can draw a parallel between tooth bonding materials and a sculptor's clay. By using dental composite resin bonding your dentist can restore chipped or broken teeth, fill in gaps and reshape or recolor your smile.
"Today bonding can be used to do many types of dentistry." Bonding is the chemical preparation of hard tooth structure, both enamel and dentin, to cause micro pores that the bonding agent fills and locks into ", says Joseph Preziosi Jr., DMD.
What is Tooth Bonding?
Tooth bonding is a composite resin filling placed in the back teeth as well as the front teeth. The composites are the solution for restoring decayed teeth, making cosmetic improvements and even changing the color of your teeth or the reshaping of teeth. Tooth bonding will lighten any stains you may have, close up minor gaps and can be used to correct crooked teeth.
Basically, bonding will cover any natural flaws applying a thin coating of a plastic material on the front surface of your teeth. After this, your cosmetic dentist will apply a tooth bonding material and sculpt, color and shape it to provide a pleasant result. A high-intensity light then hardens the plastic, and the surface is finely polished.
Tooth bonding, also known as composite or dental bonding, is an excellent way to fix cosmetic and structural imperfections in the teeth. Tooth bonding can repair cracked, chipped, and discolored teeth as well as replace silver amalgam fillings. Cosmetic tooth bonding can also repair misaligned teeth, providing a straighter, more uniform smile.
Tooth Bonding Technique
Composite tooth bonding is a cosmetic dentistry technique that can work wonders for your smile. Using materials that match the shade, translucency and texture of your teeth, tooth gaps can be closed, spots, chips, and discolorations can be eliminated, and your self-confidence can be enhanced through the improved appearance of your smile. It's also great for an instant repair of a broken front tooth.
The Tooth Bonding Procedure
To begin the teeth bonding procedure, the dentist selects a composite resin (dental bonding material) that matches the natural shade of your teeth. The dentist then roughens the existing tooth so the resin can adhere properly. Next, the composite resin is carefully applied to the tooth, shaped, and smoothed to achieve the desired look. It is then quickly hardened by a high intensity light. Lastly, the bonded tooth is buffed and polished so it has the same appearance as the surrounding teeth.
A very mild etching solution is applied to your teeth to create very small crevices in the tooth ''s enamel structure. These small crevices provide a slightly rough surface permitting a durable resin to bond materials to your teeth. The resin is then placed on your tooth and high-intensity light cures the resins onto your tooth's surface – with each individual layer of resin hardening in just minutes. When the last coat has been applied to your tooth, the bonded material is then sculpted to fit your tooth and finely polished.
The resin comes in many shades so that we can match it to your natural teeth. Due to the layers involved, this procedure will take slightly longer than traditional silver fillings because multiple layers of the bonding material are applied. Typically bonding takes an hour to two hours depending on your particular case.
Advantages of Dental Bonding
Esthetics is the big advantage over silver fillings. As silver does not stick to teeth, absolutely healthy tooth structure is typically removed to keep a silver filling in place. Composites permit your cosmetic dentist to remove only the approved area of your tooth. Unlike silver fillings, composite bonding expand just like your teeth and are much less likely to cause cracks in your tooth. Composites bond directly to the tooth providing support. Composites can be used to fill in cracks, chips and gaps – and will match the color of your other teeth.
Disadvantages of the Dental Bonding procedures
Bonding with composites simply costs more in material and time.
Tooth Bonding Risks
The composite resin used in bonding is not nearly as strong as a natural tooth. Biting your fingernails or chewing on ice or pens can chip the material. Bonding usually lasts several years before it needs to be repaired. How long it actually lasts depends on how much bonding was done and your oral habits.
Tooth Bonding Cost
As with all procedures, prices vary depending on your location. The cost of dental bonding will also vary with the amount of the bonding process you need. Many dental insurance plans cover most of the cost of the bonding, particularly when it is done for structural reasons. The average cost of cosmetic dental bond ranges from $ 300 to $ 600 per tooth.
Tooth Bonding Care
Maintain the teeth by brushing and flossing faithfully. Avoid sweets or starchy foods between meals. Bonding holds up much better when it is clean.
If you have extensive bonding work, we recommend frequent professional maintenance. Having your teeth cleaned two to four times per year by a hygienist skilled in bonding maintenance can help protect your bonding and make it look better and last longer.
Toothpaste is also safe for bonding, but it is not quite as effective in our opinion. Hard toothbrushes will also damage bonding. For small areas of tooth bonding, this degree of care is not necessary. But if you have large sections of a tooth or teeth that are bonded, the extra care would be recommended.
Alcoholic beverages can cause the bonding to deteriorate prematurely. Also, smoking and frequent drinking of coffee or tea tend to stain both your teeth and the bonding.
Do not let your bonded teeth be cleaned with pumice-containing prophylaxis pastes, ultrasonic cleaning devices, or air-polishing instruments. These will damage the surface of the bonding and make it more susceptible to stain. There are special polishing pastes and techniques for bonded teeth that not all hygienists or dentists are aware of.
When to Call a Professional after Tooth Bonding
In the days after having the bonding tooth done, call your dentist if you notice sharp edges on the bonded teeth, or your teeth feel strange or "off" when you bite down.
At any time, call your dentist if the bonding chips or pieces fall out.[Top]
A dental implant is a structure made out of metal which helps in replacing the root of a missing tooth. To give you the look and feel of a real tooth a crown will be fitted on the abutment in the dental crown. The entire procedure of fitting the tooth root with metal, screws and theby replacing damaged or missing teeth with the artificial means is termed as dental implant surgery. It is a wonderful and impressive alternative for dentures or bridgework.
The type of implant and condition of your jawbone will decide the course of dental implant surgery. Here you must know that the surgery will take place in different stages and will involve a lot of procedures. The reason why your dentist will suggest you to undergo dental implant surgery is because of its various benefits. The biggest benefit is that the implant provides unyielding support to the new teeth which gets fitted. The process may take longer because osseointeration requires a lot of time.
Tooth implants are placed surgically in the jawbone and they serve as a root for the teeth which are missing. Furthermore the metal used is titanium which fuses with the jawbone and provides a firm base. Because of titanium the implants do not slip or make noise or even cause any sort of damage to the bone. On the other hand the chances of slipping, noise and damage are higher if you have bridgework or dentures. Moreover the metal does not finish no matter what you eat.
You might be the right candidate for tooth implants if: –
1. You have one or more than one teeth missing
2. You have a full grown jawbone
3. If you have enough bone which will help in fitting the implants or if it can accomodate bone graft.
4. If you have healthy tissues in your gums.
5. If you do not have any health related concerns which may impact the healing procedure.
6. If you do not wish to carry dentures.
7. If you wish to improve the way you talk.
8. If you agree to give fundamental time to dental implant surgery.
Dental Implant is a surgical procedure because there are some chances of risk involved. These health risks are very rare and are easily cured because they are not that grave. The possible health risks include the following: –
• The implant gets infected
• The nearby structures such as teeth or the blood vessels getting damaged during the fitting of dental implant.
• The nerve getting damaged which leads to pain, lack of sensation or gives a tingling feeling to the neighboring natural teeth and gum tissues.
• Dental implant procedure can also lead to sinus when they are placed on the upper jaw.
Many cases of tooth implant surgery are successful. The failure of implants occurs when the bone fails to blend with the metal implant. The biggest cause of failure is smoking. In case of failure the implant will be removed and the bone will be cleaned. Thereafter you can go for this procedure in next two months.
Following some common precautionary steps can yield better results. So make sure you practice excellent dental hygiene and at the same make sure you visit your dentist regularly. Visiting your dentist will help you understand the condition of dental implant and you will also the rest of the teeth.[Top]
Teeth are lost because of trauma or disease. Trauma may come in the form of an accident or excessive biting forces. Disease is generally tooth decay or periodontal disease [gum disease] but there are other categories such as cancer and various neoplasm's of the jaw that may result in tooth loss. Studies show that more than 50% of the population has one or more missing teeth. Trauma commonly causes the loss of a single front tooth. The effect this has on a persons' well being is obvious. Fortunately an experienced dental implantant can usually remove the remaining root, place a dental implant, and secure a new tooth to that implant in one visit of an hour or two. The loss of a single tooth in the back is usually caused by tooth decay or periodontal disease. Sometimes this can be treated just like front teeth but for various reasons it is often more time consuming.
More often than not the treatment for a single missing back tooth is as follows:
- Extraction of the damaged tooth and grafting of the root sockets. Wait 4 months then
- Placement of a dental implant to replace the root of the single missing tooth. Wait 4 to 6 months then
- Placement of an abutment on the dental implant and record taking for the fabrication of a crown to replace the single missing tooth. Wait 3 weeks then
- Permanent attachment of the abutment to the implant and cementation of the crown to the abutment. TREATMENT COMPLETE
The need for replacing a single missing tooth in the back is often times not as intuitively obvious as the need for replacing a single missing tooth in the front; but it is important. Teeth are very movable. We've all witnessed an Orthodontist putting tension on a tooth with a small rubber band and moving it where ever he wants. Each tooth in the mouth has a position and a purpose. When there is a single missing tooth the body's natural reaction is to drift adjacent teeth into the void that is created. Over time a single missing tooth may actually cause a change in the position of every other tooth in the mouth. Malocclusion may then develop contributing to TMJ [tempromandibular joint] dysfunction, headaches, muscle spasms in the neck and shoulders, food impaction between teeth, tooth decay, periodontal disease, and other problems. Because these problems do not always develop and because they may occur years after the single tooth is lost, people of times times do not associate the loss of their tooth to the problems it caused. It is a shame that a single missing tooth is frequently ignored in light of the possible consequences but the development of dental implants for the replacement of a single missing tooth is encouraging many more people to seek early treatment.
Multiple missing teeth usually follows a single missing tooth. Each time a tooth is lost and not replaced it accelerates the process of losing more teeth. As multiple teeth are lost all of the problems associated with a single missing tooth are exaggerated. But there are additional concerns as well. Those would include but not be limited to:
- Collapse of vertical dimension- As multiple back teeth are lost the mouth loses their support when we close causing the chin to get closer to the nose. This has the effect of deep folds at the corner of the mouth and thinning of the lips. It can easily age a persons' appearance by 10 to 20 years.
- Collapse of facial structure-As multiple back teeth are lost facial support of the cheeks is lost causing a sunken in look. Once again the result is premature aging.
- Bone loss- The bones of our upper and lower jaws have only one natural purpose; the support of our tooth roots. When the roots are lost the bone begins to melt away much as a muscle does that is not used. These results in further lose of facial support and can make the wearing of artificial prosthetics such as dentures impossible. It can also make the placement of dental implants more challenging.
- Inability to chew foods properly-The mouth is the first in a series of organs designed to assimilate and digest foods. The more thoroughly we can chew the food the better the whole system works. Mom was not wrong when she admonished all of us to chew our food more slowly and thoroughly.
- Inability to eat a healthy diet-As more and more teeth are lost it becomes increasingly difficult to eat a balanced diet. Important staples such as raw vegetables and nuts became impossible to eat and we lose out on the many vitamins and minerals they provide.
- Inability to eat the foods we enjoy-Corn on the cob, ribs, steaks, fajitas, etc. become impossible to eat. Many people do not know how much being able to eat what they want means to them until it's too late.
- Embarrassment-There is a social stigma associated with missing teeth. Many people simply quit smiling or hide their smiles with their hands. That is unfortunate because we know of very few people who lost their teeth because they wanted to. Each person has their own story and all of them or sad.
These are but a few of the problems that people face because of single and multiple missing teeth. Now, dental implants offer amazingly simple and dependable solutions. Dental implants for single missing teeth or multiple missing teeth are artificial roots made of titanium that replace the roots of natural teeth. For a single missing tooth one implant is placed and a crown is attached to it. The result is a natural looking tooth that functions and works just like the natural tooth that was replaced. Many people think that with multiple missing teeth that one dental implant is required to replace each tooth; that is not usually the case. For example if three teeth in a row are missing it is often possible to replace them with only two dental implants and a fixed bridge between them. With the amazing All on 4 protocol and entire arch [16 teeth] can be replaced with only four implants and a fixed bridge.
The placement of a dental implant is usually quick and almost painless for those who are candidates. One requirement is an adequate quantity and quality of bone. As mentioned previously when a tooth is extracted the bone that once secured its' root begins to melt away. Some studies indicate that up to 40% of the bone volume in that area may be lost in the first twelve months. Modern dentist with an understanding of oral surgery and implants place materials in the sockets where the tooth roots were to prevent this from happening. The result is a healthy site for the future placement of a dental implant. Dentist with a more advanced understanding of dental implants may actually place an implant into the socket when the tooth is extracted. When this can be achieved it is the best and simplest solution for preventing bone loss. But because many dentist do not understand dental implants and the protocols necessary for preserving bone, and because many patients take a cavalier approach to the loss of a tooth, sometimes there is a need for an implant but not adequate bone to support it. Modern implant designs minimize this as do implant placement protocols such as those of the All on 4 technique but they can not eliminate the occasional need for more bone.
When there simply must be more bone, bone regeneration procedures are required. This typically incorporates one of many different types of materials that replace the lost bone volume and encourage the formation of new bone. With the advent of stem cell and bone morphogenic enhanced materials this has become far simpler and more predictable. What once required a maxillofacial and an orthopedic surgeon in a hospital setting can now be predictably performed by a well trained dental surgeon in his office. Once this new bone has matured, usually 4 to 6 months, a single or multiple tooth replacement dental implant can be placed just as predictably as if the graft had not been required.
Single Dental Implant Procedure: –
Steps for placement of a single dental implant in the site of a single missing tooth
- After conscious sedation is administered the placement site of the single missing tooth is infiltrated with local anesthesia.
- A small incision is made in the soft tissue covering the bone in the single missing tooth site and an osteotomy is prepared. An osteotomy is the same thing as a pilot hole made prior to the placement of a screw in wood. Once the osteotomy is completed a single dental implant is threaded into it. Now we have a man made root where the natural root was. Just like a natural root this dental implant is beneath the gums and in the bone and can not be seen in the mouth. A piece called an abutment is screwed into the single dental implant. The abutment provides the transition from the dental implant beneth the gums to a tooth above the gums. Impressions are taken from the abutment and they are sent to a dental laboratory
- In about three weeks a crown is returned from the laboratory and it is secured to the abutment with glue [cement]. You now have a new tooth that looks, functions, and feels just like a natural tooth.
Dental implants for the replacement of single missing teeth and multiple missing teeth have become as routine for dental implantologist as fillings are at your family dentist. For those with single missing teeth they offer an exceptional replacement solution that can help prevent future problems. For those who have lost multiple teeth or all of their teeth dental implants can give them back their smile, confidence, and self esteem. It can really give them a second chance.[Top]
Dental filling, otherwise known as dental or tooth restoration, is the method by which dentists restore missing parts of the tooth structure or even a missing tooth. Dentist do it in such a way that the integrity, function, and morphology of the tooth structure remain intact. This process uses different types of dental restoration materials. A missing tooth structure supported by dental implants can also be restored through this procedure.
The Need for Tooth Restoration
Caries or dental cavities due to decay are one of the main reasons for the structural loss of a tooth. A part of or a whole tooth could be missing due to an external trauma such as an accident or fraction of the tooth. A previously placed restoration would have deteriorated creating the need for re-restoring it. Intentional loss of structure of the tooth may occur when dentists prepare the tooth for aesthetic improvements.
Restoring a Tooth Directly or Indirectly
The technique of direct restoration involves keeping a prepared soft filling into the tooth. The filling sets and becomes hard while in contact with the tooth. This procedure does not damage the tooth because it passes very limited energy on to the tooth during the setting process. Experts advise this method for restoration in areas that are unacceptably to under heavy pressure during chewing. A single visit to the dentist would suffice for this procedure. On the contrary, indirect dental restorations involve the technique of using dental impressions of the prepared tooth to fabricate tooth restoration externally. Crowns, bridges, inlays, and onlays are the common indirect restorations. This is then permanently fixed with dental cement. This process requires a minimum of two visits to the dentist.
Different Tooth Restoration Types
There are many ways for teeth restoration and the most common type is the filling restoration, done with materials such as tooth-colored plastic, silver amalgam, gold, or glass materials. Crowns gets capped to a tooth so that its shape, size, appearance, and strength remain intact. Crowns cover a dental implant or hold a dental bridge in place. When one or more missing teeth creates a gap, false teeth known as bridges helps in filling up the space. When the tooth roots needs replacement, dentists go for implants treatment. This is a small metallic post placed into the bone socket of the missing teeth and then crowned. Dentures, made of acrylic resin, replace missing teeth and surrounding tissues. These are removable and have metal attachments. While complete dentures treatment is advised when all the teeth are missing, partial dentures are done when there are some natural teeth remaining. Metal clasps fix these to the natural teeth.[Top]
The pain is throbbing and gets worse when you chew. Your gums are red and swollen. You have a horrible taste in your mouth. You notice your jaw is swollen, you are running fever – and is that a pimple on your gum? You, my friend, have an abscessed tooth, and you are in need of some dental services as soon as possible.
If you suspect an abscessed tooth, do not put off seeing your dentist – even if the pain goes away … especially if the pain goes away. You see, when the pain goes away, it is an indication that the infection has spread, and the bone in your jaw is starting to dissolve, which leads to the loss of one or more teeth. Furthermore, the infection is like any other infection – if it is not enriched, it can make its way to your blood stream.
An abscessed tooth is essentially an infection that is occurring in either a tooth or in the gum. This is usually caused by a cavity that has not been taken care of, but it can also be caused by gum disease.
Treatment for an abscessed tooth is administered by a dental care provider. He or she will do an exam to properly diagnose the situation, and then will prescribe you a course of antibiotics. Sometimes, depending on how long the abscess has been ignored, you may require two or even three courses of antibiotics to clear up the abscess, however, this does not clear up the source of the infection.
Once the abscess is taken care of, your dental care provider will find out what caused it in the first place. This may require drilling into the tooth, which will then need to be filled. Once he drills into the tooth, to the source of the infection, he will drain the infection, which will take care of the pain that you've been feeling. A root canal may also be necessary, depending on where the infection is. The worst case scenario will be that the tooth must be removed.
The best way to avoid an abscessed tooth is to practice exceptional dental care, and to have a professional cleaning twice a year with your dental health care provider.[Top]
Everybody loves to have white teeth with just the perfect shape! It actually makes them feel confident and elegant. However, having a broken tooth or a bad construction or discoloration of the teeth is a very common phenomenon. You must be wondering how to fix a broken tooth? There is nothing great to be worried about because of the various cosmetic dentistry procedures that will help you to get back that awesomeness in your smile.
The cosmetic dental treatments are available in many different types. These have become very popular today as more and more people are opting for this to look confident and smart. There are many different types of treatments under this and choosing a particular cosmetic dental treatment will depend on the particular case or situation. It is important to note that these treatments are performed by professionals and there before there is nothing much to worry about. However it becomes extremely important to engage the services of a good expert who has all the necessary professional knowledge and skills to perform the task.
As mentioned earlier there are many different types of cosmetic treatments for teeth. Some of the popular ones are discussed below –
1. Veneers – This is a treatment that is used in the case of discoloration of tooth. Actually these porcelain made shells that give the teeth a good look.
2. Crowns – For a broken tooth, this is indeed one of the best solutions. In fact, in case of a crooked tooth too, it is recommended. These are shaped similar to a real one and are used to cover the broken tooth. This also helps in protecting you from infection.
3. Dental bridge – This is a tooth-replacement procedure. Moreover it is also a great way to get the right shape of the teeth back.
4. Bonding – this is another procedure which is used to repair gaps and broken teeth.
5. Filling treatment – In this a resin material is used to fill up the gaps.
6. Brace treatment – This is used to correct improper spacing, jaw positioning disorder and occlusion.
7. Dental implants – this has become very popular and is used in the case of a missing tooth. It is typically in the form of a metal device. This is permanent unlike dental bridge which is temporary.
8. Shaping – In this process some of the enamel is removed to get it into a perfect looking shape.[Top]
It's one of the first things people see when they look at us: our smile. A bright, straight, perfect (or near to) smile is the ultimate accessory to make you look your best, and make people notice you. Unfortunately, very few of us are born with perfect teeth. In fact, the majority of people have at least small flaws among them their chompers that make them feel inclined to smile less. Cosmetic tooth bonding is an affordable and quick way to make your smile shine. In just a couple of hours your smile can go from "just okay" to radiant.
What is Bonding?
Tooth bonding is done by cosmetic dentists and is a very routine procedure that requires no anesthesia (except the bonding is being used as a filling on an affected tooth.) It is usually completed within one visit to the dentist's office and is a fairly inexpensive cosmetic treatment for people who need a little smile boost.
Bonding is used to correct small defects in teeth such as: chips, gaps, uneven surfaces, etc. It is not recommended for large flaws or for the often talked about "smile makeover". Porcelain veneers are recommended for more intensive cosmetic work.
The Bonding Process
The process is painless; first a tooth is etched, or roughened, with a chemical compound. Then a bonding agent is applied to the tooth. Finally, the bonding resin is applied, artfully shaped by your cosmetic dentist and then hardened with a special ultraviolet light.
The resin used is somewhat like putty and comes in a variety of colors to match the color of your tooth or teeth. Bonding lasts for about 10 years before it has to be replaced and is much less expensive than crowns or other dental procedures that are used to correct similar problems.
Who Should Use Bonding?
Bonding is often highly recommended by cosmetic and family dentists because it can be used on children as well, to correct uneven colors and edges on teeth, as well as fill small chips that may occur in sports or physical activity. It is also the procedure that takes the least amount of enamel off of the teeth to put into place, which is important for both adults and children.
Disadvantages of Bonding
There are some disadvantages with tooth bonding, however. The resin used in bonding stains easily and sometimes has to be replaced because of discoloration. People who smoke heavily may not be the best candidates for the process. Also, it is not a recommended practice for a complete overhaul as it would be too time consuming and would not last as long as other porcelain veneers, crowns or other options.
Tooth bonding may not be for everyone, but it is a fantastic choice for minor tooth issues and for those of us that can not wait to flash those new and improved, straight, smooth pearly whites.[Top]