The meaning of the term "orthognathic" is "straight jaw". Orthodontic treatment combined with reconstructive surgery of moving the teeth and jaws to a balanced position is known as orthognathic jaw surgery. Underlying problems of the facial and jaw structure along with positioning of the teeth can be corrected by orthodontic treatment. The procedure while serving cosmetic as well as functional purposes can also provide the following benefits:
- Misaligned jaw can be repositioned
- Facial appearance can be improved
- Proper meeting of the teeth is ensured
- Effective improvement of the jaw function
- Imbalance between the lower and upper jaws can be corrected
Jaw Surgery – The Solution for Many Facial Problems
Difficulty in talking, chewing, sleeping and other oral health issues can be caused by jaw abnormalities on a long term basis. Jaw misalignment can also be due to birth defects or injuries to the jaws. Jaw surgery can address the following issues:
- Difficulty in biting, swallowing and chewing
- Chronic jaw pain
- Protruding jaw
- Weak chin
- Gummy smile
- Weak facial projections
- Open bite
- Speech problems
- Breathing problems
- Dry mouth
- Unbalanced facial appearance
Orthognathic Jaw Surgery – the Procedure
People having completed 18 years of age can undergo the procedure as that is the time when the jaws stop growing. The right procedure is decided after the plastic surgeon determines the severity of the condition. Whether the patient is a candidate for orthognathic jaw surgery is determined by the team of doctors contracting oral and maxillofacial surgeon, dentist and orthodontist.
There are three phases involved in corrective jaw surgery.
Orthodontic braces are used for moving the teeth to a new position in phase one. With the orthodontic treatment requiring 9 to 14 months, the entire surgery is likely to take several years for completion.
Proper alignment of teeth is ensured by making use of plaster models. Repositioning of the jaws is done by the oral and maxillofacial surgeon in phase two. Only a few hours are required and the surgery is an outpatient one. Some cases require bone grafting to restore natural appearance and function.
Phase three usually takes place two to three months post surgery. Gentle manipulation of the teeth if required, is done by the orthodontist, with the treatment taking 6 months. Removal of braces takes place in the final stages. Minimal suggesting and swilling may be seen. The time taken for complete healing is around 9 to 12 months. You can also combine sleep apnea treatment along with orthognathic jaw surgery if you have this condition and the plastic surgeon recommends the treatment.
It is not only the teeth that are part of dental surgery. Gum surgery falls under this as well. The purpose of your gums is to give shape and form to the contours of your mouth and provide as a frame for your teeth. Sometimes teeth may appear too long or too short, which is a clear sign of gum disease or recession. Many people opt for cosmetic surgery on their gums to keep their smile looking perfect.
There are only two types of cosmetic gum surgical procedures done; when gums are large (excessive gingival display) or when the gums are too small (gum recession). A "gummy smile" occurs when the teeth are too worn, or a long jawbone, or a short upper lip that causes the teeth to appear small and the gums appear large. A long tooth smile (excessive gingival display) is caused by receding gums, exposing the teeth, resulting in a weaker frame and teeth.
What types of surgery is needed for this? For excess gingival display, gum tissue is remodeled and / or removed to make it more proportioned with teeth. Lasers are the tool of choice for reshaping gums. If a laser is not enough, crown lengthening is done on the teeth as well. After the surgery, the patient is advised to gargle anti-bacterial rinse for two weeks to avoid infection.
Gum recession is when the gums have receded due to many factors. The procedure to fix it involves taking tissue from the roof of the mouth and grafting it on the part of the gums that need repair. The grafted tissue serves to strengthen the gums and teeth. Gums are sometimes lifted instead, covering the exposed teeth. Unlike excessive gingival display, gum recession poses some health risks. If the tooth is not covered by the gum tissue properly, it can become loose and be easily affected by hot and cold. The patient is also later prescribed anti-bacterial rinse for gargling. This also last for two weeks after the surgery.
This surgical procedure is mild and easily recoverable. The effects can also be noticed immediately. No matter how simple though, surgery always has risk. Most people will go through with the surgery though, since the risk is low and there are a lot of health and cosmetic improvements.[Top]
Do you have an over bite or under bite? If so, you may have been told you need corrective jaw surgery, more often known as orthognatic surgery.
For people with jaw abnormalities, every day tasks like eating and even sleeping can be affected as the jaws do not align with each other. They can also cause pain and affect your affect facial appearance.
In some cases orthodontic elastics can be used to realign the jaw during your regular orthodontic treatment. But this really depends on the severity of your overbite or underbite. While elastics can work quite well in some cases, it is usually advised that patients with severe over or underbites get corrective jaw surgery to permanently resolve any jaw issues.
During this procedure your jaw is disconnected and re-aligned to the ideal position. Sounds painful right? Do not worrry, you're asleep for the actual procedure. However when you wake up you will not be able to talk as easily and you will be in some pain for the first couple of days as you heal.
However, it's worth it for those who suffer from severe overbites or underbites. Along with orthodontic treatment, this procedure resolves jaw pain and improves the overall appearance of the face.
Depending on the type jaw spacing issue you have, your jaw surgery may include moving your upper jaw, lower jaw or both. This surgery is only done on skeletally mature non-growing individuals, and patients can usually return to their normal routines soon after the surgery.
Healing time can vary depending on your age and how much adjustment needs to be made, but it can be anywhere from two weeks to more than a month.
Will you need this surgery as part of your orthodontics plan? Well, it may be unnecessary if orthodontic treatment can correct the problem. However with any orthodontic treatment orthodontists face biologic limitations as to what can realistically be achieved with braces alone. During your first visit your orthodontist will be able to tell you if corrective jaw surgery is the correct treatment option for you.
The usual sequence of events in such a surgery / orthodontic treatment plan is as follows:
1. Diagnostic records are taken and a comprehensive treatment plan is developed in conjuction with an oral and maxillofacial surgeon.
2. Braces are placed on the teeth and over time the teeth are placed ideally on each dental arch. The bite may get worse as this step progresses.
3. Jaw surgery is performed to address the skeletal concerns.
4. After an appropriate healing time your case is finished and the braces are removed.[Top]
Dental implant oral surgery is believed to be an effective system in repairing the condition of your awful teeth. Yet, however effective the system, if you desire to perform a surgical procedure, then you must make sure that you recognize all about this surgery. The review will also be important to identify whether you are ideal to this handling or not.
There are simply particular people who are appropriate for the surgery. In most cases, dental implant oral surgery can be exact for you if you have one or even more teeth that are missing, have a jawbone that has full growth reached, have good bone to safe the implants and have fit oral tissues. Then you must not have any health conditions that will damage bone healing, and if you can not or do not want to wear the dentures.
How does the procedure of this Surgery is Actually Done?
This surgery is highly effortless. In addition, it is usually performed on an outpatient basis. This makes it a very speedy and comfortable surgery for the patient. It does so since no one wishes to take time off work to have surgical treatment performed.
Bone grafting may be needed for someone. With bone grafting, a piece of bone is removed from other part of the body, like the hip as the instance. The piece of bone then transplanted to the jawbone. The motivation for this would be if you have a jawbone that is not too sufficient or which is too soft.
After the metal dental implant cylinder is installed in the jawbone through the surgery, ossesointegration starts. Through this practice, your jawbone will absolutely grow in the surface of the dental implant and will be the one with it.
Just after thinking that this surgery is an ideal method to decide for repairing your teeth condition, you need to talk it to your physician. The aforesaid review shows us how significant in getting each piece of overview about the dental implant oral surgery [http://dentalimplantconsultant.com/dental-implant-oral-surgery/dental-implant-oral-surgery-guides-in-knowing- about-the-treatment /].[Top]
Dental implant surgery shows a high success rate of up to 95%. Majority of the patients who have chosen to undergo this procedure are found to be happy with their replacements and their new set of teeth. Therefore, implants show to be the best solution to the problem of missing teeth – trumping over bridges and dentures. However, even if dental restorations prove to be the best, there are instances when dental implant surgery pain and problems arise.
Although dental implant surgery pain occurs, it is very rare. Some of the common causes of dental implant surgery pain are fractures implants, rejected implants, poor implant placement, incorrect positioning, and low quality implants used.
One of the main reasons for tooth implant problems is that the implant failed to fuse together with the jawbone. This is called failure to osseointegrate. If there is not enough amount of jawbone to fuse with or the bone has been infected, it can lead to failure to fuse with the implant.
Too much stress or overloading can cause implant fraction. Incorrect position can also cause implant fraction.
A person who has the habit of smoking or heavy drinking can compromise the success of the surgery. Moreover, this can lead to other problems such as implant fracture or gum disease.
What Causes Dental Implant Rejection?
There are several causes of dental implant rejection. These includes insufficiency bone to fuse, infection, stress, and habitual grinding of teeth during sleep called bruxism. Poor dental hygiene can also lead to dental implant surgery pain and implant rejection.
When there is insufficient bone to fuse, usually the patient is subjected to bone grafting to increase the available jawbone. However, some patients are hesitant to undergo this procedure which is why they try to find other ways to get the implant without grafting. If the dentist recommends bone grafting, make sure that you follow the advice.
If the implant does not fuse properly into the jawbone, the implant can move and be dislocated. This can cause discomfort and pain. If this happens, a new type of implant should be used or a new restoration should be attached into the implant. In some cases, bone grafting may be required.
Infection can be caused by contamination during surgery. In some instances, bacteria can already be hiding in the jawbone and causes dental implant surgery pain afterwards.
Stress on teeth can also cause the fixture to fail. Too much stress can lead to overloading. In this instance, it fails and the adjunct teeth may be compromised.[Top]
A dental implant is a structure made out of metal which helps in replacing the root of a missing tooth. To give you the look and feel of a real tooth a crown will be fitted on the abutment in the dental crown. The entire procedure of fitting the tooth root with metal, screws and theby replacing damaged or missing teeth with the artificial means is termed as dental implant surgery. It is a wonderful and impressive alternative for dentures or bridgework.
The type of implant and condition of your jawbone will decide the course of dental implant surgery. Here you must know that the surgery will take place in different stages and will involve a lot of procedures. The reason why your dentist will suggest you to undergo dental implant surgery is because of its various benefits. The biggest benefit is that the implant provides unyielding support to the new teeth which gets fitted. The process may take longer because osseointeration requires a lot of time.
Tooth implants are placed surgically in the jawbone and they serve as a root for the teeth which are missing. Furthermore the metal used is titanium which fuses with the jawbone and provides a firm base. Because of titanium the implants do not slip or make noise or even cause any sort of damage to the bone. On the other hand the chances of slipping, noise and damage are higher if you have bridgework or dentures. Moreover the metal does not finish no matter what you eat.
You might be the right candidate for tooth implants if: –
1. You have one or more than one teeth missing
2. You have a full grown jawbone
3. If you have enough bone which will help in fitting the implants or if it can accomodate bone graft.
4. If you have healthy tissues in your gums.
5. If you do not have any health related concerns which may impact the healing procedure.
6. If you do not wish to carry dentures.
7. If you wish to improve the way you talk.
8. If you agree to give fundamental time to dental implant surgery.
Dental Implant is a surgical procedure because there are some chances of risk involved. These health risks are very rare and are easily cured because they are not that grave. The possible health risks include the following: –
• The implant gets infected
• The nearby structures such as teeth or the blood vessels getting damaged during the fitting of dental implant.
• The nerve getting damaged which leads to pain, lack of sensation or gives a tingling feeling to the neighboring natural teeth and gum tissues.
• Dental implant procedure can also lead to sinus when they are placed on the upper jaw.
Many cases of tooth implant surgery are successful. The failure of implants occurs when the bone fails to blend with the metal implant. The biggest cause of failure is smoking. In case of failure the implant will be removed and the bone will be cleaned. Thereafter you can go for this procedure in next two months.
Following some common precautionary steps can yield better results. So make sure you practice excellent dental hygiene and at the same make sure you visit your dentist regularly. Visiting your dentist will help you understand the condition of dental implant and you will also the rest of the teeth.[Top]
Dental implant surgery is a procedure that replace tooth roots with metal, screw-like posts and replaced damaged or missing teeth with artificial teeth. Earlier, such replacements were done with bridges and dentures but today with implants one can avoid that inconvenient treatment.
Why Implants: Advantages
The metal or titanium in the implants fuses with your jawbone due to which the implants will not slip, make noise or cause bone damage. There are multiple advantages of having a Dental Implant Surgery.
Here, dental implants may be right for you if you:
Have one or more missing teeth
Want to improve your speech and comfort level
Have healthy oral tissues
Do not have health conditions that will affect bone healing
Have a jawbone that's reached full growth
Are unable or unwilling to wear dentures
Want to improve appearance & self-esteem
Implant Surgery Procedure: a brief explanation
Most dental implant surgeries take place in the dentist's office or in a hospital setting. Local anesthesia is usually sufficient for these procedures but various other forms of patient sedation (like nitrous oxide or intravenous sedation) may also be used.
This is an out-patient surgery because it takes place in stages.
Step 1 → Development of an individualized treatment plan done by a team of trained professionals in oral surgery.
Step 2 → A small titanium post is placed in to the bone socket. As the jawbone slowly heals, it grows around the implanted metal post. The healing time can take from 6 to 12 weeks
Step 3 → Once the implant has bonded to the jawbone, a small connector post called abutment is attached to the post confidentially.
Step 4 → A teeth model is created as your dentist creates impressions of your bite (which captures all of your teeth, type and arrangement).
Step 5 → A replacement tooth called crown is then attached to the abutment. It then functions like your own natural.
The success rates of various Dental Implants vary depending on where the jaws and replacement are placed. However, in recent years the dental profession has proudly reported success rates well above 90% for most of the patients.
Does your Insurance Cover Dental Implant Surgery
Typically, dental implants are not covered by dental insurances. Coverage under your medical plans may be possible depending on the insurance plan and / or causes of tooth loss. Details about the same should be discussed with your dentist and insurance provider.
It can be concluded that with the onset of implant surgery, many issues related to the same have been fixed. The success rates are high and increasing. In fact, various Dental Implant Centers in Delhi have attained a success rate as high as 95%. It is also possible that with proper care, the implants can last for a lifetime.[Top]
Dental implant surgery is a revolutionary procedure that was developed for the replacement of missing, decayed or damaged teeth. While many tooth replacement treatments are available to patients today, few offer the long lasting results men and women experience with implants. Dental implant surgery offers men and women a fantastic alternative to suffering with unstable bridgework, ill-fitting dentures or missing teeth.
The implant procedure will be different for each individual, your treatment plan will depend on several factors including the type of implant being placed as well as the quality and quantity of bone present in the jaw. Most implant treatments involve several visits to the dentist, therefore takes time to fully complete.
Your implant treatment will start with a consultation with your dentist. The area being treated will be assessed in order to determine the overall health of your remaining teeth as well as the condition of your jawbone. Successful implantation requires a certain quantity and quality of bone in the jaw-this provides proper stabilization for the implant. Those men and women who do not have enough bone may require bone augmentation or bone grafting treatments prior to dental implant surgery. If this is necessary, your dentist will discuss all available options with you.
Once sufficient bone is present, the implant can be placed. This treatment involves the use of specialized tools to create a space for secure placement of the implant into the jawbone. A drill will be used to create a small hole in the jaw where the implant is placed. It is 'screwed' in using a specialized wrench until only the head or abutment is visible above the gum line. This effectively creates 'root' support for the dental implant.
Once the implant is placed, the surrounding bone will heal around the implant, creating a secure base for an artificial tooth. When fully healed (this can take three to six months), patients return to their dentist so that the dental prosthetic (a bridge, crown, partial or full denture set) can be placed. This provides men and women with the look and feel of natural teeth.
Like with any aesthetic, medical or dental procedure, dental implant surgery does involve some risk, however these are rare, minor and easily treatable. It is important to discuss these and other concerns with your dentist prior to treatment. Risks include:
– Infection at the site of the dental implant
– Damage or injury to blood vessels or surrounding teeth
– Sinus problems
– Pain, tingling or numbness in your natural teeth, gums, lips or chin due to nerve damage
If you are looking to achieve a naturally beautiful smile, dental implant surgery may be just what you need. Find out more about this innovative treatment today.[Top]
Dental implant surgery could be very frightening for many people. The main reason is simply because this kind of surgical procedure requires an individual to receive a significant volume of sedation. In most instances, individuals are sedated to allow the physician to work easily inside the mouth without creating a lot of irritation and distress for the individual under going the procedure.
Just why may any individual even require dental implant surgery? Typically, this type of surgical procedure is necessary when an individuals natural teeth must be extracted due to an unhealthy condition. While there are no forced conditions that insist for an individual to have dental implants mounted, most people feel implants are a perfect replacement for natural teeth once they have been removed. Replacing your teeth with implants will not only strengthen a persons self-esteem, but it will also help them eat meals much more comfortably.
The first thing you will need to accomplish in advance of dental implant surgery will be get as much facts as you possibly can about the procedure. The reason why is because you need to have the ability to ask the physician questions that may help you understand the process you are about to go through. Asking questions will also prepare you with the steps following your dental treatment.
Before your dental implant surgery, you'll be provided details and an information kit that you need to follow very carefully. Try to be as calm as possible. Sedation will be discussed and is an essential factor in your implant surgery. With slight sedation, your oral surgeon can work inside your mouth with more comfort and without you getting irritated and upsetting the procedure. Keep in mind that this procedure is not considered a major surgery and will take place in your doctors office, and not in a hospital.
Naturally, the mouth may feel somewhat irritated for several days following your dental implant surgery. You may experience some swelling and boring which is normal. Follow your information kit and your doctors advice so that your procedure will be successful. The few days of pain resulting from the surgery is a very small price to pay seeing that this particular type of medical operation will certainly have a very beneficial effect on your overall health and well-being. Not to mention, it is possible to smile at people without feeling self-conscious, regain the confidence you once had with your natural teeth with implants.[Top]
Dental implant surgery is an outpatient procedure that is performed in multiple stages. This is a much more advanced alternative to partial or full dentures. These implants are different from traditional dentures in that they are fixed to the jaw bone. Unlike traditional removable drugs, they are permanently fixed and can not be removed. No regular adjustment or realignment is required.
The Preferred Dental Procedure
Today, tooth implant surgery is very common and many dentists and prosthodontists are qualified to perform it. Irrevocably damaged or decayed teeth can be replaced with permanent alternatives and they look very much like natural teeth. Here is the procedure that is followed in tooth implants:
• The damaged tooth or teeth are first extracted
• The jawbone is then prepared for surgery. Depending on the condition of the underlying bond, bone-grafting may be necessitated. In this case, the procedure will take longer than usual.
• A titanium screw or post in place in the hole that has been drilled into the jaw bone. This is then allowed to heal completely for a couple of months.
• The dentist will check if the wound had healed and will then affix the crown on the screw.
This entire procedure takes around two to three months. The healing itself takes a couple of months and the bone and tissue has to re-grow around this newly added structure. The condition of the jaw bone has to be good for the implant to be possible and successful. A weak bone base will not be able to withstand the pressure that the chewing motion of the mouth exerts.
The Latest in Dental Medicine
The one reason why many people hesitated to opt for this procedure is the time that is required for the implant to be accepted and the wound to heal. In rare cases this new addition may be rejected. But modern medicine has found a solution for that too. Platelet Rich Plasma or Plasma Rich Plasma is extracted from the patient's own blood. This is then used to hasten the healing process.
The bone grows faster and the wound heals quicker. There are very little chances of rejection as the plasma is admitted from the patient's own body. This procedure is used in sports medicine and orthopedics very successfully. It uses the natural healing properties of the body to heal the wound that is created by the implant implant and is definitely a significant improvement in the field of dentistry.[Top]