Dental implants are a type of permanent artificial tooth. They are ideal for filling in gaps created by tooth extraction or loss such as from tooth decay. In addition, many people benefit from these false teeth because they enhance the way a person looks not to mention improving speaking and chewing abilities. Once you have decided to have this procedure, the next step is to understand what the surgical procedure will offer to you and what you can expect.
What Is It?
Dental implants require more than one appointment with your dental care provider. You will work with a dental surgeon who will first determine if you have the right density and amount of jawbone to allow for the use of this process. If so, a titanium rod is then inserted into the jawbone. This will be the foundation or anchor for the new tooth. If there is not enough bone present, bone grafting may be necessary. This is necessary because the bone must be durable enough to handle the chewing action. Grafting can come from areas such as your hip.
The Surgery Itself
Once the dentist determines the proper method for inserting the rod, he or she will do so by first making a cut into the gum to expose the bone. Then, more than one hole is drilled into the bone where a cylinder will be placed. These functions as the tooth root would in natural teeth. The cylinder, which is often a titanium rod, is inserted deep into the bone structure. Then, you will be given a temporary denture to hold the place for several weeks while the gum and bone heals.
It is necessary for the dentist to wait for the bone growth to occur. This can take from two months up to six months. Once this is done, then the surgeon will need to perform a second procedure in which the implant is put into place on top of the rod. This is a much less invasive procedure. Once the implant is in place, the gum tissue is closed over.
Getting Your Teeth
Your dentist will work with you to select the right tooth for this implant. You may be able to select a removable implant or one that is permanently in place. This depends on your needs.
Overall, getting dental implants can be a very effective way to improve your smile and to restore your overall self-confidence. This procedure is invasive and it takes time. However, the long-term benefits are often well worth the work that goes into maintaining the process. Schedule a consultation with your dentist to determine if it is the right option for you.
Orthognathic surgery combos maxillofacial surgery or jaw surgery with orthodontics. The ideals of this type of surgery are to improve one's bite and make chewing easier. The surgeries done are designed to correct misalignment of the jaw and make the jaw fit together properly. Facial imbalances such as an underbite, overbite or cleft palate can be corrected using orthognathic surgery. Orthodontics are used to correct malocclusions of the teeth and to improve gummy smiles, where large areas of gums are showing when a person smiles. TMJ disease can be corrected or pretented using orthognathic jaw surgery. Patients who have jaw problems that can not be treated with orthodontics alone have orthognathic surgery to correct the jaw abnormality so the teeth work properly.
Surgery on the upper jaw is called a maxillary osteotomy and surgery on the lower jaw is called a mandibular osteotomy. A patient can have one or both of these surgeries at the same time in order to correct the alignment of the upper and lower jaw and to improve the functionality of the upper and lower jaw. The surgery is generally done using incisions inside the mouth so that there is no external scarring visible.
The term "orthognathic surgery" was first coated by Dr. Harold Hargis, a Doctor of Dentistry. He was the first to consider cleft palate as part of orthognathic surgery. The surgery is used to treat dental problems that can not be treated with orthodontic treatments alone. Bones are cut and re-aligned and then held in place as part of the surgery using screws, plates or screws.
The various indications for orthognathic surgery include the following:
- Discrepancies between the upper and lower jaw alignment, which can be vertical, transverse or antero-posterior
- Facial skeletal abnormalities that result in airway problems, sleep apnea or soft tissue problems
- TMJ pathology that causes facial skeletal discrepancies.
Orthognathic surgery is done by an oral and maxillofacial surgery specialist or a craniofacial surgery specialist and is aided by an orthodontist who straights and aligns the teeth. Braces are often placed before the surgery and after the surgery are complete. There are retainers used as well, often after the braces are completed and removed. Orthognathic surgery is also a part of repairing cleft lips and cleft palates. The orthodontist and the orthognathic surgeon work together to align the bite and teeth.
The surgeon who does the surgery needs to have training in dentistry as well. Oral and maxillary surgery specialists are often trained in dental procedures so they can identify what a normal bite and how to achieve one. This allows the maxillofacial surgery specialist to work best in conjunction with the orthodontist to achieve the best in a normal bite.
It requires a great deal of planning by a multidisciplinary team. Sometimes a speech and language therapist is included along with the maxillofacial surgery specialist and the orthodontist. There may need to be molds of the face created so the anatomy of the person's face is well understood and the surgery can be planned. X-rays need to be taken as well as photographs and software exists that can predict how the person will look after the proposed surgical procedure. The patient can see what he or she will look like after the procedure is over with.
The primary goal of orthognathic surgery is to get a normal bite and a face that looks as pleasant as possible. The airway may need to be enlarged. In fact, orthognathic surgery can correct obstructive sleep apnea in 90 to 100 percent of cases. Both the upper and lower jaws may need surgery in order to enlarge the airway. A nasal tube is used to intubate the patient because the mouth needs to be easily accessed. Bones are cut for greater patency of the airway and the individual can breathe more easily in their sleep.[Top]
When you have a serious issue with one of your teeth and you or your dentist have discovered that this tooth is resistant to healing as it should then it may be time for you to get the endodontic surgery known as an apicoectomy. This type of surgery is extremely important for those who have issues with certain teeth that simply are not healing correctly and with the help of the right endodontist; you can easily get this surgery done. In fact, many people find that they are needing this type of surgery from their endodontist in order to go about their normal everyday lives without tooth pain.
There is a great deal of oral and tooth-related pain that actually results in damage to the root of the tooth and this is what an endodontist specializes in; issues with the tooth? root. With this endodontic surgery; your endodontist will locate fractures or hidden canals in the tooth that may be causing issues with your teeth and gums and resulting in manifested pain in your tooth. This surgery is also a common solution for those who have damaged root surfaces as this area and the surrounding bone are treated in the procedure.
If you do visit an endodontist in order to have this procedure done; the gum tissue near your tooth will be opened up and the undering bone will be examined. During this time any inflamed or infected tissues will be removed and the tip of the root will typically be removed as well. With a few simple sutures your gums will then be closed up so that they can heal properly. With the sample of your gum removed; the tissue will be sent to a lab for analysis so that your endodontist can get to the bottom of what is causing your tooth or gum pain and what is really causing the irritation in your mouth.
Many times the causes of oral pain are not cut and dry like many people assume they will be which is why this type of surgery needs to be done. With the right analysis your endodondist can get to the source of your issue and help you once and for all get to the root of the problem so you can get your issue fixed and get on with your life as normal. All you need to do is make the first step and call an endodontist in your area to get started.[Top]
Jaw Surgery is one way of helping yourself to have a perfectly furnished face. Sometimes disorder to the jaw structure and other related parts of the face can trigger improper speech, lack of food intake, digestion and communication problems. It may cause several issues in the future if not treated early when first detected. Orthognathic surgery is the way to correct improper jaw conditions and problems in the structure of the face.
Some skeletal discrepancies may not be rated by braces and other support devices. If you are feeling any signs of pain, asking help from your doctor is the first step. If you determine a need for jaw surgery, plan for it ahead of time by reading up on the procedure and following the Oral Surgeons instructions. The surgery will be very painfully, as is any operation but the results will straighten up imperfections.
Achieving a healthy body must be your primary concern. Your jaw is very important to your verbal communication and how you eat. Do not take for granted any sort of pain in the structure of our face. Taking a jaw assessment exam will confirm your condition and any discrepancies in your facial area.
See an oral surgeon to determine the appropriate surgery for your case. The goal of the surgery is to your correct your bite, aesthetic aspects of your face and air passages. Jaw surgery could cause complications later on, so be mentally prepared for it. The modification in your jaw is done by making cuts in the bones of the mandible or maxilla and repositioning it to a correct alignment. It also involves minor cuts in the skin and but everything will be fine once the surgery is finished. Just like other surgeries, there will be slight numbness and swelling in the face.
After the surgery, you need to check all aspects of your body including physical, psychological, and your ability to speak correctly. Having the proper diet for post surgery is important. A liquid diet is recommended to all patients until the all wound heals.
After the surgery it is important to visit your Oral Surgeon on a regular basis to check progress of your jaw and face structures. Your communication is also necessary in the process, so have a Speech or Language Specialist assess your ability to speak correctly to make sure everything is ok. The psychological impact should also be determined as how you feel after the surgery mentally is important? This will boost your confidence and remove the stress you gained during and after the operation. Jaw surgery can be a very important step to take if needed. Every part of your body is valuable and your face reflects what you feel inside. Living a healthy life is the best gift you can give to yourself![Top]
Oral surgery is a well known specialty in dentistry which includes the diagnosis, surgical and relevant treatment of diseases, defects and injuries involving both the functional and esthetic aspects of the soft and hard tissues of the teeth, gums, neck, jaws and head. Oral and maxillofacial surgery also includes dental implants, wisdom teeth removal, oral pathology, bone grafts, TMJ disorder, anesthesia, apicoectomy, corrective jaw surgery, facial trauma along may other procedures. Have a glance on various procedures that are mentioned below:
Dental Implants: It has become one of the most common procedures to replace missing teeth or provide stability to an existing or a new denture. These procedures are performed by a dentist or an oral surgeon. There are various techniques which are used to perform such procedures. These techniques may vary, depend on surgeons or dentists.
Corrective Jaw Surgery: It is also known as orthognathic surgery which is performed by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon. There are various reasons for this surgery which are as follows
Incorrect or malocclusion bite
Un-Proportioned facial appearance and incorrect jaw position
Temporomandibular Joint Pain (TMJ) and dysfunction caused by deformation or trauma.
Difficulties in chewing, eating, opening & closing the mouth.
Minor or major trauma
Grinding or clinching of the teeth that causes excess tooth wear
Tooth Extractions: It's also known as one of the most recognized oral and maxillofacial surgery procedures. Following reasons may be responsible for this:
Primary teeth that have failed to fall out, preventing the eruption of permanent teeth.
Partially or injured eruted wisdom teeth
Teeth beyond repair either from root fraction, trauma or tooth decay.
Orthodontic treatment plan may require removal of some teeth to achieve the best result.
There are various other procedures are associated with oral and maxillofacial surgery. If you have any kinds of problem in your teeth, you must consult a reputed dentist who has been achieved great feat for providing various kinds of dental treatments as per patients' specific needs and requirements. In this way, you may become healthy.
If you have no any idea about reputed dentists, go through online resources. There may be many reputed websites which provide detailed information about reputed dentists. You should also make sure that they follow the systematic surgical procedures that are ideal for health perspectives. If you want to know detailed information about the procedures, online resources may be helpful for you. So, you should get the detailed information on online resources which may be helpful for your dental treatments.[Top]
The meaning of the term "orthognathic" is "straight jaw". Orthodontic treatment combined with reconstructive surgery of moving the teeth and jaws to a balanced position is known as orthognathic jaw surgery. Underlying problems of the facial and jaw structure along with positioning of the teeth can be corrected by orthodontic treatment. The procedure while serving cosmetic as well as functional purposes can also provide the following benefits:
- Misaligned jaw can be repositioned
- Facial appearance can be improved
- Proper meeting of the teeth is ensured
- Effective improvement of the jaw function
- Imbalance between the lower and upper jaws can be corrected
Jaw Surgery – The Solution for Many Facial Problems
Difficulty in talking, chewing, sleeping and other oral health issues can be caused by jaw abnormalities on a long term basis. Jaw misalignment can also be due to birth defects or injuries to the jaws. Jaw surgery can address the following issues:
- Difficulty in biting, swallowing and chewing
- Chronic jaw pain
- Protruding jaw
- Weak chin
- Gummy smile
- Weak facial projections
- Open bite
- Speech problems
- Breathing problems
- Dry mouth
- Unbalanced facial appearance
Orthognathic Jaw Surgery – the Procedure
People having completed 18 years of age can undergo the procedure as that is the time when the jaws stop growing. The right procedure is decided after the plastic surgeon determines the severity of the condition. Whether the patient is a candidate for orthognathic jaw surgery is determined by the team of doctors contracting oral and maxillofacial surgeon, dentist and orthodontist.
There are three phases involved in corrective jaw surgery.
Orthodontic braces are used for moving the teeth to a new position in phase one. With the orthodontic treatment requiring 9 to 14 months, the entire surgery is likely to take several years for completion.
Proper alignment of teeth is ensured by making use of plaster models. Repositioning of the jaws is done by the oral and maxillofacial surgeon in phase two. Only a few hours are required and the surgery is an outpatient one. Some cases require bone grafting to restore natural appearance and function.
Phase three usually takes place two to three months post surgery. Gentle manipulation of the teeth if required, is done by the orthodontist, with the treatment taking 6 months. Removal of braces takes place in the final stages. Minimal suggesting and swilling may be seen. The time taken for complete healing is around 9 to 12 months. You can also combine sleep apnea treatment along with orthognathic jaw surgery if you have this condition and the plastic surgeon recommends the treatment.[Top]
It is not only the teeth that are part of dental surgery. Gum surgery falls under this as well. The purpose of your gums is to give shape and form to the contours of your mouth and provide as a frame for your teeth. Sometimes teeth may appear too long or too short, which is a clear sign of gum disease or recession. Many people opt for cosmetic surgery on their gums to keep their smile looking perfect.
There are only two types of cosmetic gum surgical procedures done; when gums are large (excessive gingival display) or when the gums are too small (gum recession). A "gummy smile" occurs when the teeth are too worn, or a long jawbone, or a short upper lip that causes the teeth to appear small and the gums appear large. A long tooth smile (excessive gingival display) is caused by receding gums, exposing the teeth, resulting in a weaker frame and teeth.
What types of surgery is needed for this? For excess gingival display, gum tissue is remodeled and / or removed to make it more proportioned with teeth. Lasers are the tool of choice for reshaping gums. If a laser is not enough, crown lengthening is done on the teeth as well. After the surgery, the patient is advised to gargle anti-bacterial rinse for two weeks to avoid infection.
Gum recession is when the gums have receded due to many factors. The procedure to fix it involves taking tissue from the roof of the mouth and grafting it on the part of the gums that need repair. The grafted tissue serves to strengthen the gums and teeth. Gums are sometimes lifted instead, covering the exposed teeth. Unlike excessive gingival display, gum recession poses some health risks. If the tooth is not covered by the gum tissue properly, it can become loose and be easily affected by hot and cold. The patient is also later prescribed anti-bacterial rinse for gargling. This also last for two weeks after the surgery.
This surgical procedure is mild and easily recoverable. The effects can also be noticed immediately. No matter how simple though, surgery always has risk. Most people will go through with the surgery though, since the risk is low and there are a lot of health and cosmetic improvements.[Top]
Do you have an over bite or under bite? If so, you may have been told you need corrective jaw surgery, more often known as orthognatic surgery.
For people with jaw abnormalities, every day tasks like eating and even sleeping can be affected as the jaws do not align with each other. They can also cause pain and affect your affect facial appearance.
In some cases orthodontic elastics can be used to realign the jaw during your regular orthodontic treatment. But this really depends on the severity of your overbite or underbite. While elastics can work quite well in some cases, it is usually advised that patients with severe over or underbites get corrective jaw surgery to permanently resolve any jaw issues.
During this procedure your jaw is disconnected and re-aligned to the ideal position. Sounds painful right? Do not worrry, you're asleep for the actual procedure. However when you wake up you will not be able to talk as easily and you will be in some pain for the first couple of days as you heal.
However, it's worth it for those who suffer from severe overbites or underbites. Along with orthodontic treatment, this procedure resolves jaw pain and improves the overall appearance of the face.
Depending on the type jaw spacing issue you have, your jaw surgery may include moving your upper jaw, lower jaw or both. This surgery is only done on skeletally mature non-growing individuals, and patients can usually return to their normal routines soon after the surgery.
Healing time can vary depending on your age and how much adjustment needs to be made, but it can be anywhere from two weeks to more than a month.
Will you need this surgery as part of your orthodontics plan? Well, it may be unnecessary if orthodontic treatment can correct the problem. However with any orthodontic treatment orthodontists face biologic limitations as to what can realistically be achieved with braces alone. During your first visit your orthodontist will be able to tell you if corrective jaw surgery is the correct treatment option for you.
The usual sequence of events in such a surgery / orthodontic treatment plan is as follows:
1. Diagnostic records are taken and a comprehensive treatment plan is developed in conjuction with an oral and maxillofacial surgeon.
2. Braces are placed on the teeth and over time the teeth are placed ideally on each dental arch. The bite may get worse as this step progresses.
3. Jaw surgery is performed to address the skeletal concerns.
4. After an appropriate healing time your case is finished and the braces are removed.[Top]
Dental implant oral surgery is believed to be an effective system in repairing the condition of your awful teeth. Yet, however effective the system, if you desire to perform a surgical procedure, then you must make sure that you recognize all about this surgery. The review will also be important to identify whether you are ideal to this handling or not.
There are simply particular people who are appropriate for the surgery. In most cases, dental implant oral surgery can be exact for you if you have one or even more teeth that are missing, have a jawbone that has full growth reached, have good bone to safe the implants and have fit oral tissues. Then you must not have any health conditions that will damage bone healing, and if you can not or do not want to wear the dentures.
How does the procedure of this Surgery is Actually Done?
This surgery is highly effortless. In addition, it is usually performed on an outpatient basis. This makes it a very speedy and comfortable surgery for the patient. It does so since no one wishes to take time off work to have surgical treatment performed.
Bone grafting may be needed for someone. With bone grafting, a piece of bone is removed from other part of the body, like the hip as the instance. The piece of bone then transplanted to the jawbone. The motivation for this would be if you have a jawbone that is not too sufficient or which is too soft.
After the metal dental implant cylinder is installed in the jawbone through the surgery, ossesointegration starts. Through this practice, your jawbone will absolutely grow in the surface of the dental implant and will be the one with it.
Just after thinking that this surgery is an ideal method to decide for repairing your teeth condition, you need to talk it to your physician. The aforesaid review shows us how significant in getting each piece of overview about the dental implant oral surgery [http://dentalimplantconsultant.com/dental-implant-oral-surgery/dental-implant-oral-surgery-guides-in-knowing- about-the-treatment /].[Top]
Dental implant surgery shows a high success rate of up to 95%. Majority of the patients who have chosen to undergo this procedure are found to be happy with their replacements and their new set of teeth. Therefore, implants show to be the best solution to the problem of missing teeth – trumping over bridges and dentures. However, even if dental restorations prove to be the best, there are instances when dental implant surgery pain and problems arise.
Although dental implant surgery pain occurs, it is very rare. Some of the common causes of dental implant surgery pain are fractures implants, rejected implants, poor implant placement, incorrect positioning, and low quality implants used.
One of the main reasons for tooth implant problems is that the implant failed to fuse together with the jawbone. This is called failure to osseointegrate. If there is not enough amount of jawbone to fuse with or the bone has been infected, it can lead to failure to fuse with the implant.
Too much stress or overloading can cause implant fraction. Incorrect position can also cause implant fraction.
A person who has the habit of smoking or heavy drinking can compromise the success of the surgery. Moreover, this can lead to other problems such as implant fracture or gum disease.
What Causes Dental Implant Rejection?
There are several causes of dental implant rejection. These includes insufficiency bone to fuse, infection, stress, and habitual grinding of teeth during sleep called bruxism. Poor dental hygiene can also lead to dental implant surgery pain and implant rejection.
When there is insufficient bone to fuse, usually the patient is subjected to bone grafting to increase the available jawbone. However, some patients are hesitant to undergo this procedure which is why they try to find other ways to get the implant without grafting. If the dentist recommends bone grafting, make sure that you follow the advice.
If the implant does not fuse properly into the jawbone, the implant can move and be dislocated. This can cause discomfort and pain. If this happens, a new type of implant should be used or a new restoration should be attached into the implant. In some cases, bone grafting may be required.
Infection can be caused by contamination during surgery. In some instances, bacteria can already be hiding in the jawbone and causes dental implant surgery pain afterwards.
Stress on teeth can also cause the fixture to fail. Too much stress can lead to overloading. In this instance, it fails and the adjunct teeth may be compromised.[Top]