Jaw Surgery is one way of helping yourself to have a perfectly furnished face. Sometimes disorder to the jaw structure and other related parts of the face can trigger improper speech, lack of food intake, digestion and communication problems. It may cause several issues in the future if not treated early when first detected. Orthognathic surgery is the way to correct improper jaw conditions and problems in the structure of the face.
Some skeletal discrepancies may not be rated by braces and other support devices. If you are feeling any signs of pain, asking help from your doctor is the first step. If you determine a need for jaw surgery, plan for it ahead of time by reading up on the procedure and following the Oral Surgeons instructions. The surgery will be very painfully, as is any operation but the results will straighten up imperfections.
Achieving a healthy body must be your primary concern. Your jaw is very important to your verbal communication and how you eat. Do not take for granted any sort of pain in the structure of our face. Taking a jaw assessment exam will confirm your condition and any discrepancies in your facial area.
See an oral surgeon to determine the appropriate surgery for your case. The goal of the surgery is to your correct your bite, aesthetic aspects of your face and air passages. Jaw surgery could cause complications later on, so be mentally prepared for it. The modification in your jaw is done by making cuts in the bones of the mandible or maxilla and repositioning it to a correct alignment. It also involves minor cuts in the skin and but everything will be fine once the surgery is finished. Just like other surgeries, there will be slight numbness and swelling in the face.
After the surgery, you need to check all aspects of your body including physical, psychological, and your ability to speak correctly. Having the proper diet for post surgery is important. A liquid diet is recommended to all patients until the all wound heals.
After the surgery it is important to visit your Oral Surgeon on a regular basis to check progress of your jaw and face structures. Your communication is also necessary in the process, so have a Speech or Language Specialist assess your ability to speak correctly to make sure everything is ok. The psychological impact should also be determined as how you feel after the surgery mentally is important? This will boost your confidence and remove the stress you gained during and after the operation. Jaw surgery can be a very important step to take if needed. Every part of your body is valuable and your face reflects what you feel inside. Living a healthy life is the best gift you can give to yourself!
The meaning of the term "orthognathic" is "straight jaw". Orthodontic treatment combined with reconstructive surgery of moving the teeth and jaws to a balanced position is known as orthognathic jaw surgery. Underlying problems of the facial and jaw structure along with positioning of the teeth can be corrected by orthodontic treatment. The procedure while serving cosmetic as well as functional purposes can also provide the following benefits:
- Misaligned jaw can be repositioned
- Facial appearance can be improved
- Proper meeting of the teeth is ensured
- Effective improvement of the jaw function
- Imbalance between the lower and upper jaws can be corrected
Jaw Surgery – The Solution for Many Facial Problems
Difficulty in talking, chewing, sleeping and other oral health issues can be caused by jaw abnormalities on a long term basis. Jaw misalignment can also be due to birth defects or injuries to the jaws. Jaw surgery can address the following issues:
- Difficulty in biting, swallowing and chewing
- Chronic jaw pain
- Protruding jaw
- Weak chin
- Gummy smile
- Weak facial projections
- Open bite
- Speech problems
- Breathing problems
- Dry mouth
- Unbalanced facial appearance
Orthognathic Jaw Surgery – the Procedure
People having completed 18 years of age can undergo the procedure as that is the time when the jaws stop growing. The right procedure is decided after the plastic surgeon determines the severity of the condition. Whether the patient is a candidate for orthognathic jaw surgery is determined by the team of doctors contracting oral and maxillofacial surgeon, dentist and orthodontist.
There are three phases involved in corrective jaw surgery.
Orthodontic braces are used for moving the teeth to a new position in phase one. With the orthodontic treatment requiring 9 to 14 months, the entire surgery is likely to take several years for completion.
Proper alignment of teeth is ensured by making use of plaster models. Repositioning of the jaws is done by the oral and maxillofacial surgeon in phase two. Only a few hours are required and the surgery is an outpatient one. Some cases require bone grafting to restore natural appearance and function.
Phase three usually takes place two to three months post surgery. Gentle manipulation of the teeth if required, is done by the orthodontist, with the treatment taking 6 months. Removal of braces takes place in the final stages. Minimal suggesting and swilling may be seen. The time taken for complete healing is around 9 to 12 months. You can also combine sleep apnea treatment along with orthognathic jaw surgery if you have this condition and the plastic surgeon recommends the treatment.[Top]
Do you have an over bite or under bite? If so, you may have been told you need corrective jaw surgery, more often known as orthognatic surgery.
For people with jaw abnormalities, every day tasks like eating and even sleeping can be affected as the jaws do not align with each other. They can also cause pain and affect your affect facial appearance.
In some cases orthodontic elastics can be used to realign the jaw during your regular orthodontic treatment. But this really depends on the severity of your overbite or underbite. While elastics can work quite well in some cases, it is usually advised that patients with severe over or underbites get corrective jaw surgery to permanently resolve any jaw issues.
During this procedure your jaw is disconnected and re-aligned to the ideal position. Sounds painful right? Do not worrry, you're asleep for the actual procedure. However when you wake up you will not be able to talk as easily and you will be in some pain for the first couple of days as you heal.
However, it's worth it for those who suffer from severe overbites or underbites. Along with orthodontic treatment, this procedure resolves jaw pain and improves the overall appearance of the face.
Depending on the type jaw spacing issue you have, your jaw surgery may include moving your upper jaw, lower jaw or both. This surgery is only done on skeletally mature non-growing individuals, and patients can usually return to their normal routines soon after the surgery.
Healing time can vary depending on your age and how much adjustment needs to be made, but it can be anywhere from two weeks to more than a month.
Will you need this surgery as part of your orthodontics plan? Well, it may be unnecessary if orthodontic treatment can correct the problem. However with any orthodontic treatment orthodontists face biologic limitations as to what can realistically be achieved with braces alone. During your first visit your orthodontist will be able to tell you if corrective jaw surgery is the correct treatment option for you.
The usual sequence of events in such a surgery / orthodontic treatment plan is as follows:
1. Diagnostic records are taken and a comprehensive treatment plan is developed in conjuction with an oral and maxillofacial surgeon.
2. Braces are placed on the teeth and over time the teeth are placed ideally on each dental arch. The bite may get worse as this step progresses.
3. Jaw surgery is performed to address the skeletal concerns.
4. After an appropriate healing time your case is finished and the braces are removed.[Top]